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11.9.3 Packet Tracer – VLSM Design and Implementation Practice

Packet Tracer – VLSM Design and Implementation Practice

Objectives

  • Part 1: Examine theNetwork Requirements
  • Part 2: Design the VLSM Addressing Scheme
  • Part 3: Assign IP Addresses to Devices and Verify Connectivity

Background

  • In this activity, you are given a /24 network address to use to design a VLSM addressing scheme. Based on a set of requirements, you will assign subnets and addressing, configure devices and verify connectivity.

Instructions

Part 1: Examine the Network Requirements

Step 1: Determine the number of subnets needed.

  • You will subnet the network address [[DisplayNet]]. The network has the following requirements:
  • [[S1Name]] LAN will require [[HostReg1]] host IP addresses
  • [[S2Name]] LAN will require [[HostReg2]] host IP addresses
  • [[S3Name]] LAN will require [[HostReg3]] host IP addresses
  • [[S4Name]] LAN will require [[HostReg4]] host IP addresses

    How many subnets are needed in the network topology?
    5

Step 2: Determine the subnet mask information for each subnet.

  1. Which subnet mask will accommodate the number of IP addresses required for [[S1Name]]?
    How many usable host addresses will this subnet support?

  2. Which subnet mask will accommodate the number of IP addresses required for [[S2Name]]?
    How many usable host addresses will this subnet support?

  3. Which subnet mask will accommodate the number of IP addresses required for [[S3Name]]?
    How many usable host addresses will this subnet support?

  4. Which subnet mask will accommodate the number of IP addresses required for [[S4Name]]?
    How many usable host addresses will this subnet support?

  5. Which subnet mask will accommodate the number of IP addresses required for the connection between
    [[R1Name]] and [[R2Name]]?

Part 2: Design the VLSM Addressing Scheme

Step 1: Divide the [[DisplayNet]] network based on the number of hosts persubnet.

  1. Use the first subnet to accommodate the largest LAN.

  2. Use the second subnet to accommodate the second largest LAN.

  3. Use the third subnet to accommodate the third largestLAN.

  4. Use the fourth subnet to accommodate the fourth largestLAN.

  5. Use the fifth subnet to accommodate the connection between [[R1Name]] and [[R2Name]].

Step 2: Document the VLSM subnets.

  • Complete the Subnet Table,listing the subnet descriptions (e.g. [[S1Name]] LAN), number of hosts needed, then network address for the subnet, the first usable host address, and the broadcast address. Repeat until all addresses are listed.

Step 3: Document the addressing scheme.

  1. Assign the first usable IP addresses to [[R1Name]] for the two LAN links and the WAN link.

  2. Assign the first usable IP addresses to [[R2Name]] for the two LAN links. Assign the last usable IP address for the WAN link.

  3. Assign the second usable IP addresses to the switches.

  4. Assign the last usable IP addresses to the hosts.

Part 3: Assign IP Addresses to Devices and Verify Connectivity

  • Most of the IP addressing is already configured on this network. Implement the following steps to complete the addressing configuration.

Step 1: Configure IP addressing on the [[R1Name]] router LAN interfaces.

Step 2: Configure IP addressing on the [[S3Name]], switch including the default gateway.

Step 3: Configure IP addressing on [[PC4Name]], including the default gateway.

Step 4: Verify connectivity.

  • You can only verify connectivity from [[R1Name]], [[S3Name]], and [[PC4Name]]. However, you should be able to ping every IP address listed in the Addressing Table.

Scenario 1 – Network Address: 10.11.48.0/24

Subnet Table

Building 1

en
conf t
int g0/0
ip add 10.11.48.97 255.255.255.240
no shut
int g0/1
ip add 10.11.48.65 255.255.255.224
no shut

ASW3

en
conf t
int vlan 1
ip add 10.11.48.114 255.255.255.248
no shut
ip def 10.11.48.113

Scenario 2 – Network Address: 172.31.103.0/24

Subnet Table

Branch 1

en
conf t
int g0/0
ip add 172.31.103.1 255.255.255.224
no shut
int g0/1
ip add 172.31.103.33 255.255.255.224
no shut

Room-312

en
conf t
int vlan 1
ip add 172.31.103.66 255.255.255.240
no shut
ip def 172.31.103.65

Scenario 3 – Network Address: 192.168.72.0/24

Subnet Table

Remote-Site1

en
conf t
int g0/0
ip add 192.168.72.129 255.255.255.240
no shut
int g0/1
ip add 192.168.72.97 255.255.255.224
no shut

Sw-3

en
conf t
int vlan 1
ip add 192.168.72.66 255.255.255.224
no shut
ip def 192.168.72.65
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